They noticed, in stately procession, the hearse escorted by the King’s Physique Guard for Scotland, adopted by the lead mourners: Queen Elizabeth II’s 4 kids. Three had been of their army finery, together with King Charles III in admiral’s uniform. Prince Andrew was wearing a morning coat — now not a working royal, largely banished by scandal, however nonetheless current.
The individuals had been largely silent, holding aloft their smartphones. A lone heckler, who directed his insults at Andrew, was yanked backward and arrested for disturbing the peace. Some within the crowd shouted “God bless the queen!” and “God save the king!”
On this second, Scotland embraced its “Scottish queen.”
However the query along with her passing is what comes subsequent?
There’s no query that the British royal household has the closest of ties to Scotland, and the overwhelming majority of individuals right here deeply revered the queen.
And but. Scots maintain difficult emotions in regards to the monarchy and whether or not Scotland needs to be unbiased — or perhaps a republic freed from hereditary royals. These emotions could possibly be felt as undercurrents right here on Monday, because the late queen’s coffin traveled from the Palace of Holyroodhouse to St. Giles’ Cathedral, and the brand new King Charles addressed the Scottish Parliament.
Inside St. Giles, the Rev. Iain Greenshields paid tribute to the queen’s love of Balmoral Fort, the place she was “was valued as a neighbor and buddy, and there she drew power and refreshment through the summer season months.”
The queen savored her royal property within the Scottish Highlands, all 50,000 acres of it, the place she spent her summers, on the huge moors and glens, taking pictures grouse and crimson deer stag. Her household known as it “her pleased place.” It was there she carried out her final ceremonial act — appointing her fifteenth prime minister, Liz Truss, final week. And it was there she died on Thursday, on the age of 96.
“She beloved Scotland. Cherished it,” mentioned Haley Wilson, 34, a civil tax official ready in an hours-long line to view the queen’s coffin in St. Giles’. “Balmoral, and he or she beloved the bagpipes. She beloved being outside and the landscapes. She beloved Scotland. Which means a lot.”
Wilson was 18 months previous when she first met the queen. Her mom beloved to inform how Elizabeth, in church for Easter service, had “waved” to child Haley. Wilson described Elizabeth II as a “Scottish queen.”
The brand new king additionally has deep connections to the Scotland. He attended boarding college at Gordonstoun, with its chilly showers and bullying, which he credit with educating him about onerous work. He established a hub for his Prince’s Basis, and its sustainability advocacy, at Dumfries Home in Scotland.
This royal line is descended from James VI of Scotland, who adopted the primary Elizabeth within the sixteenth century, within the time of William Shakespeare.
Earlier than his ascension, Charles held a string of titles in Scotland: Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Nice Steward of Scotland.
He even seems comfy in a kilt.
However among the many 1000’s who lined the roads in Edinburgh to look at the procession of the queen’s coffin, there have been many who expressed twin loyalties.
Sophie Campbell, 63, a retired store clerk, mentioned she would welcome Scotland turning into an unbiased nation whereas additionally maintaining the king. “It might be the very best of each worlds,” she mentioned. “Previous and new.”
Campbell mentioned many Scots don’t have any drawback with the monarchy. “They’re a part of our historical past.” However she defined, “individuals in Scotland have issues with the English,” with Boris Johnson and the ruling elites in London.
Daniel Wincott, professor of regulation and society at Cardiff College, famous that the leaders of the pro-independence Scottish Nationwide Celebration have been “fulsome” of their respectful feedback and “reward for the queen” in her demise.
However, he mentioned, he might nonetheless envision that, after a brief interval of “coming collectively” upon the queen’s demise, the ties that bind the UK collectively might “loosen.”
Throughout the 2014 independence referendum, which noticed Scotland reject leaving the union, SNP leaders made clear that any newly shaped nation would retain the monarch as head of state.
Deputy First Minister of Scotland John Swinney, a frontrunner of the SNP, repeated the promise to BBC radio on Monday, that “His Majesty the King needs to be the pinnacle of state of an unbiased Scotland.”
He mentioned, “and it is what we’ll proceed to argue.”
Not all agree. The leaders of Inexperienced and Alba events in Scotland say they wish to half with the monarchy after independence.
A serious survey in Might, for the assume tank British Future, discovered 45 % in Scotland needed to retain the monarchy — with 36 % saying the tip of the queen’s reign could be the fitting second to maneuver to a republic.
On the query of Scottish independence, the queen was largely mute. However not fairly.
At Crathie Kirk, the small Church of Scotland parish, the place the royals attend Sunday service when at Balmoral, Elizabeth paused to talk to somebody within the crowd earlier than the 2014 referendum. She was overheard to say, “properly, I hope individuals will assume very fastidiously in regards to the future,” extensively interpreted as a nudge to vote in opposition to independence.
Tim Shipman, political editor on the Sunday Instances of London, mentioned this was no slip of the tongue. Reporters had been alerted to maintain an ear out for her comment.
David Cameron, prime minister on the time, was caught on a sizzling mic saying the queen “purred down the telephone” when he reported that his marketing campaign in opposition to Scottish independence had succeeded. He later apologized for revealing a personal dialog with the monarch.
Whereas Charles is much less standard than his mom was in Scotland, and the establishment of monarchy itself is much less standard in Scotland than in England, these are variations “of diploma somewhat than sort,” mentioned Alex Massie, the Scotland editor of the Spectator journal.
“I don’t detect any nice enthusiasm in Scotland for a republic,” mentioned Massie. “Sure, republicanism might be stronger in Scotland than in England, however that doesn’t imply it’s robust sufficient to hold the day.”
He additionally cautioned about studying an excessive amount of into opinion polling taken whereas Charles was Prince of Wales. “Turning into king is transformational,” he mentioned.
“The establishment is bigger than any particular person, as onerous as that’s to recall after a 70-year reign,” Massie mentioned. “There may be appreciable goodwill for Charles that will shock lots of people; lots of people are shocked by the extent of goodwill they really feel in the direction of the king.”